Ian Bell: Let’s end the war on drugs by making them legal

An Italian policeman holds a bag full of cocaine which was found in a car in the Scampia area of  Naples

IT could be a pub quiz question. What do Armenia and Argentina have in common? The Czech Republic and Chile? Paraguay and Poland? The answer isn’t football. Each has decided, in some fashion, that if you just say no to drugs, you say nothing useful at all.

Depending on the definitions used, there are between 25 and 30 such countries. Their laws, methods, aims and ambitions vary. Some have legalised drugs. Some have “re-legalised”. A few never got around to prohibition to begin with. Most have experimented – for personal use, you understand – with a gateway policy, decriminalisation.

Last week the Republic of Ireland decided, in effect, that what’s good enough for Belgium, Spain, Portugal, Estonia, the Netherlands and others might help with its own liberation from the half-century of failure we still call, without irony, the war on drugs. With a leaked report suggesting that the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is on the brink of advocating decriminalisation, Ireland joins a growing consensus.

Britain doesn’t want to hear about that. Or rather, the Conservative Government doesn’t want to hear the accusation “soft on drugs” from its press sponsors. Amid a fragrant haze of hypocrisy, the line is that there will be no change, funding cuts aside, in UK drugs strategy. Meanwhile, police forces the length of these islands are improvising policies of their own.

In Ireland, serious thinking has been going on. The result, if carried through, will be the decriminalisation of drugs in “personal use” quantities combined with the introduction of injection (“consumption”) rooms. Narcotics will remain illegal, but in future – or such is the hope – no-one will be treated as a criminal because of an addiction or a problematic habit. The Irish are making a fundamental distinction.

Officially, Britain remains tough, tougher than tough, on drugs. Unofficially, an ad hoc pragmatism guides enforcement. A fall of close to a third in cannabis possession offences in England and Wales between 2011-12 and 2014-15 has not happened because dope has lost its allure. With budgets cut to ribbons, police forces have concluded they have better things to do than harass cannabis users.

There are worse principles a government could apply. In a speech at the London School of Economics last Monday, Aodhain O’ Riordain, the Irish minister responsible for drugs strategy, maintained that a “cultural shift” is required. Addiction should be regarded as a health issue, he argued, both for the sake of individuals and for the benefit of law enforcement. Time and money spent hunting addicts could be better used against a criminal trade.

O’Riordain advocates decriminalisation, not legalisation. He is not alone in that, though at the LSE he failed to explain the logic. Portugal’s experience over the last 14 years is the Irish minister’s inspiration, as it is for many reluctant conscripts in the war on drugs, but a conspicuous Iberian success remains half an answer to a complicated question.

With Europe’s highest HIV infection rate among injecting drugs users, Portugal faced an undoubted crisis at the turn of the century. Desperate, it decided that drug use or possession should remain offences, but not criminal offences. The money spent on treatment and prevention was doubled. The police meanwhile began to ignore mere marijuana use. And the HIV rate started to fall.

It has not been plain sailing since. According to some studies, hard drug use has increased. More people have sought treatment, perhaps as a result, but the number of drug-related deaths has declined. Pressure on courts has eased, meanwhile, and the street price of drugs has fallen. Adolescent use seems to be waning, but with the police still seizing several tonnes of cocaine each year, the effect of reform on organised crime has been hard to measure.

That, though, is an aspect of decriminalisation too often overlooked. On its own, without a wider health policy or O’Riordain’s “person-centred” strategy, it does not “solve” a narcotics problem. Chiefly, it spares individuals the brutal effects – prison, stigma, unemployment, existence without treatment or medical care – that are legacies of the unending war. But decriminalisation alone is not enough.

It counts as a start, nevertheless, and that is more than Britain has managed. Last October, the Home Office caused strife within the coalition by publishing a report, Drugs: International Comparators, that looked at the experience of Portugal and a dozen other countries. To the dismay of Tories, the survey said there was “no apparent correlation” between tough laws and the level of drug use. While decriminalisation would not curb use, there were “indications that decriminalisation can reduce the burden on criminal justice systems”.

Who’d have thought? In the ensuing battle, the LibDem Norman Lamb resigned as a Home Office minister while policy – “this government has absolutely no intention of decriminalising drugs” – was reaffirmed. Faced with a problem, Britain had not got beyond failing to put two and two together.

Why decriminalise? For an Irish recreational user, far less an addict, the question is superfluous. Nevertheless, O’Riordain, like his peers around the world, has taken a first step and refused the second. As the Home Office report suggested, decriminalisation has little effect on use. People go on buying their blood-stained substances and enriching some of the nastiest people on the planet. A few more police go to work hunting traffickers. Users are no longer persecuted. The mafias remain.

In 2006, the Italian journalist Roberto Saviano published Gomorrah, an expose, in the proper sense, of the Neapolitan Camorra. He has been forced to live since under armed guard in secret locations. Nevertheless, this summer he published Zero Zero Zero, a title derived from a traffickers’ joke name for pure cocaine. The book is horrifying, but not just for the routine, fantastical violence. In Saviano’s account, the cartels’ trade has corrupted the world.

UNODC will mention “vast sums” that “compromise” economies, buy politicians and rig elections. Saviano will tell you that drugs money courses through the world’s financial systems, that it touches all of us, and that it alone kept banking afloat in parts of the Americas during the great crash. He calls it narco-capitalism.

The journalist has dedicated his life to opposing the mafias. Nevertheless, in the last pages of Zero Zero Zero he writes: “As terrible as it may seem, total legalisation may be the only answer. A horrendous response, horrible perhaps, agonising. But the only one that can stop everything.”

That strikes me as true. By one calculation, the United States alone had spent $150 billion on the drugs war by 2010. Any victories? Or just the news that Barack Obama has been commuting sentences on dozens of hapless souls locked away for life because of recreational use? According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, as of September 26, 48.4 per cent of the entire US inmate population, 93,821 individuals, had been locked up for drug offences. Some war; some victory.

So legalise the lot. Those who want to use drugs will go on using drugs. In a country with common sense, like Ireland, they might get the help they need. But Saviano is right. Only one thing will put the traffickers out of business and end this hopeless war.

CONTINUE READING…

Beginning American History Clarified

 

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January 22, 2014 at 12:28am

Written by:  Rev. Mary Thomas-Spears

mary

Though many believe that America is an independent Country or that the U.S. is an independent Nation this couldn’t be farther from the truth despite our 4th of July Celebration of Independence Day hi{story}.

 

WHILE YOU ARE READING THIS ARTICLE, “LISTEN TO THIS”:  http://privatis.me/images/audio/2013.12.12.privatis.me.51.Claim.Divine.Proportion.Details.mp3

Christopher Columbus delivered penal colonies = out cast of convicts and prisoners consisting of murderers and rapists… to the New Nation, because the Crown had divorced them.

How many of us understand or know that part of the story? This is one reason why that they had no problems with killing American Natives to take what they wanted.

While we have been taught that the founding fathers were here to divorce Great Britain… Nice twist isn’t it?

We were told the Boston Tea Party was about freeing us from Taxation with out representation handed down by the Crown through Imports also. Although we are now Double Taxed all the way to the grave through the Crown.

So how did this happen?

You should ask the Vatican.

You say you do not know what I am talking about… "through the Crown"?

I mean D.C. = District of Columbia as in British Columbia = the Crown.

It is all just an extension of, not independent of the "City of London" who owns the Crown which was established as an extension of the first corporation which was the Church of Rome

{the all seeing eye on the top of the Pyramid on the Dollar Bill}

 

which incorporated Pharaohs, Jesuits, Pagans… into so called Christians.

Of course the Crusades = the longest bloodiest war in history was being fought during that time of this incorporation.

Speaking of war, what about the battle our founders fought for independence?

War is expensive for some and profitable for others. As many of us have come to figure this  out,  so did they.

Which was right about the time they decided they needed one more Revolution, an Industrial one.

Once again, they disguised it, marketed it, and sold it as defending Freedom and basic Human Rights. Promising to Free the Slaves.

They made way for everyone including them = the newly freed slaves to become enslaved = YOUR BIRTH CERTIFICATE = U.S. CITIZENSHIP = DEATH on paper = CORPORATIONS = YOUR NAME TYPED IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS = CAPITAL = YOU INCORPORATED = PROPERTY or STOCK for the MARKET = COLLATERAL/SECURITY = SOCIAL SECURITY for the Nation’s War Debts….

This new STOCK also allowed those in Leadership to BORROW money from the Crown needed to rebuild the White House that had been burnt down by their Invading Troops.  This means they were no longer Independent of the Crown. As if they ever really were.

According to Congress which is the opposite of “progress”, they have been operating under a state of emergency every since = Martial Law.

File:DunmoresProclamation.jpg

As America has operated in a state of Incorporation with Great Britain = the Crown or the “City of London” every since as the “Corporation United States of America”.

This is just some of how U.S. Leaders have managed to Pass Unconstitutional Amendments and "BAR" the Constitution from the Court Room and why Judges wear black.

They know Dead Men/Wo/men = STOCK have no rights.

Attorney’s and Lawyers swear an Oath to the BAR which stands for "British Accreditation Registry" and that the BENCH = BANK in Latin.

Of coarse the Constitution contained a Trojan Horse that allowed all this to happen to begin with.

Let’s not forget that it established a Republic Nation which is an extension of Rome = Athens.

Before it was written America’s Leaders operated as a Federalist Republic. Which had nothing to do with the so called current Republic or Democracy.

It would be more accurate today to say that America is an Aristocracy, Oligarchy, or Plutocracy and that it is just one block in the Pyramid of Corporate Government built by the

Corporate Church of Rome. Each Corporation since is only an extension of the First.

 

 

DON’T BELIEVE ME = DO THE RESEARCH

A FEW PLACES TO START YOUR RESEARCH

http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3403000200.html

The rise of the prisoner trade:

From the time of Christopher Columbus, prisoners of various kinds figured in the exploration and colonization of the New World. Spain and Great Britain (among others) sent convicts to help settle North America; they also seized some indigenous peoples (Indians) to use as slaves. Starting with Portugal in the early sixteenth century, the major western European powers also imported African men, women, and children to serve as slaves in the Caribbean and American colonies.

http://www.nndb.com/people/033/000045895/
Columbus a known criminal

In 1488 he was invited by the king of Portugal, his "especial friend", to return to that country, and was assured of protection against arrest or proceedings of any kind (March 20): he had probably made fresh overtures to King João shortly before; and in the autumn of 1488 we find him in Lisbon, conferring with his brother Bartholomew and laying plans for the future. We have no record of the final negotiations of Columbus.

http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3403000200.html

The rise of the prisoner trade

From the time of Christopher Columbus, prisoners of various kinds figured in the exploration and colonization of the New World. Spain and Great Britain (among others) sent convicts to help settle North America; they also seized some indigenous peoples (Indians) to use as slaves. Starting with Portugal in the early sixteenth century, the major western European powers also imported African men, women, and children to serve as slaves in the Caribbean and American colonies.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Georgia_%28U.S._state%29
The Penal Colony of Georgia
Georgia was founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe as a trustee colony and was named for King George II of Great Britain. Oglethorpe and a group of associates, many of whom had previously served with him on a prison reform committee, petitioned in 1730 to form the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America. The petition was finally approved in 1732, and the first group of colonists, led by Oglethorpe, departed for the New World in November.

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llac&fileName=016/llac016.db&recNum=494
The Practice of Penal Colonization Continues
the later part of the resolution, which proposes the removal of such persons as are dangerous to the peace of society, may be understood as compromising many to whom the preceding member does not apply.  Whether the Legislature intended to give it a more extensive import, or rather, whether it contemplated removing from the country any but culprits who were condemned to suffer death, I will not undertake to decide. But if the more enlarge construction of the resolution is deemed the true one it furnishes, in my opinion, a strong additional motive why the Legislature, is disposing of this great concern, should command an alternative of places. 

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llac&fileName=016/llac016.db&recNum=495
Under consent of Great Britain
Could we procure lands beyond the limits of the United States, to form a receptacle for these people ?
On our northern boundary, the country not occupied by British subjects is the of the Indian Nations, who’s title would have to be extinguished, with the consent of Great Britain, and the new settlers would be British subjects. 

 http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llac&fileName=016/llac016.db&recNum=496
In Compliance
,in compliance with the resolution on the 31st of December last, relative to purchases of lands without limits of the State, to which persons obnoxious to it laws or dangerous to the peace of peace of society may be removed.

http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2006/01/331629.shtml
The Boston Tea Party
It turns out the Boston Tea Party wasn’t about tax increases at all. It came about because a crony of the Crown, the East India Company, got a tax cut on its tea in the Tea Act of 1773, and this put all other small merchants at a disadvantage.The East India Company got its way because it was so huge and powerful.
The early history of the times
We learned that the Pilgrims arrived in America in 1620 on a boat named the Mayflower, but few of us know that they’d chartered the boat from the East India Company, the world’s largest and most powerful multinational corporation. The Mayflower, in fact, had already make the crossing between England to North America three times when the Pilgrims chartered it.
The East India Company was most responsible for the rise of England from a weak still-feudal state in the late 1500s to an international powerhouse by the mid-1600s. The Company was Queen Elizabeth I’s second attempt to use a corporation to catch up with the other European seafaring powers.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Tea_Party
In 1767, to help the East India Company compete with smuggled Dutch tea, Parliament passed the Indemnity Act, which lowered the tax on tea consumed in Great Britain, and gave the East India Company a refund of the 25% duty on tea that was re-exported to the colonies.[12] To help offset this loss of government revenue, Parliament also passed the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767, which levied new taxes, including one on tea, in the colonies.[13] Instead of solving the smuggling problem, however, the Townshend duties renewed a controversy about Parliament’s right to tax the colonies.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_taxation

Double taxation within the United States

Double taxation can also happen within a single country. This typically happens when subnational jurisdictions have taxation powers, and jurisdictions have competing claims. In the United States a person may legally have only a single domicile. However, when a person dies different states may each claim that the person was domiciled in that state. Intangible personal property may then be taxed by each state making a claim. In the absence of specific laws prohibiting multiple taxation, and as long as the total of taxes does not exceed 100% of the value of the tangible personal property, the courts will allow such multiple taxation

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporation
History of the Corporation

The word "corporation" derives from corpus, the Latin word for body, or a "body of people." By the time of Justinian (reigned 527–565), Roman Law recognized a range of corporate entities under the names universitas, corpus or collegium. These included the state itself (the populus Romanus), municipalities, and such private associations as sponsors of a religious cult, burial clubs, political groups, and guilds of craftsmen or traders. Such bodies commonly had the right to own property and make contracts, to receive gifts and legacies, to sue and be sued, and, in general, to perform legal acts through representatives. Private associations were granted designated privileges and liberties by the emperor.[10]

Entities which carried on business and were the subjects of legal rights were found in ancient Rome, and the Maurya Empire in ancient India.[11] In medieval Europe, churches became incorporated, as did local governments, such as the Pope and the City of London Corporation.

http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/corporation
The Corporation United States
6. Nations or states, are denominated by publicists, bodies politic, and are said to have their affairs and interests, and to deliberate and resolve, in common. They thus become as moral persons, having an understanding and will peculiar to themselves, and are susceptible of obligations and laws. Vattel, 49. In this extensive sense the United States may be termed a corporation; and so may each state singly. Per Iredell, J. 3 Dall. 447.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/07US-Govt-and-4081FC.pdf
Articles of Incorporation

In important ways, the Civil War settled key unresolved issues that had existed since

American independence. While the “peculiar institution” of slavery died along with (at least) 618,000 men on both sides of this great conflict, new and remarkable changes emerged from the ashes and gore. The most important of these was the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

The four authors in the materials that follow have attempted to convey the momentous changes this amendment brought to the subsequent political development of the United States. Dr. Wesley Phelan explains the how the Supreme Court has used the Fourteenth Amendment to gradually—and selectively—incorporate the protections afforded by the Bill of Rights to actions by state and local governments.

http://www.constitutionalcannabis.com/legalize–legal-lies.html
DUNS Numbers of the US Corporate Government
and Most of Its Major Agencies

United States Government-052714196
US Department of Defense (DOD)-030421397
US Department of the Treasury-026661067
US Department of Justice (DOJ)-011669674
US Department of State-026276622
US Department of Health & Human Services (HHS)-Office of the Secretary-112463521
US Department of Education-944419592,…

 

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greecevsrome/ss/GreecevsRome_7.htm

Basics on Government in Greece and Rome

Originally, kings ruled Athens; then an oligarchy (rule by the few), and then democracy (voting by the citizens). City-states joined together to form leagues that came into conflict, weakening Greece and leading to its conquest by the Macedonian kings and later, the Roman Empire.

Kings also originally governed Rome. Then Rome, observing what was happening elsewhere in the world, eliminated them. It established a mixed Republican form of government, combining elements of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy, In time, rule by one returned to Rome, but in a new, initially, constitutionally sanctioned form that we know as Roman emperors. The Roman Empire split apart, and, in the West, eventually reverted to small kingdoms. [See Herodotus on monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy.]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Athens
Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for at least 7000 years. Situated in southern Europe, Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC and its cultural achievements during the 5th century BC laid the foundations of western civilization.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trojan_Horse
Athens Greece and their Trojan Horse
The Greeks pretended to sail away, and the Trojans pulled the horse into their city as a victory trophy. That night the Greek force crept out of the horse and opened the gates for the rest of the Greek army, which had sailed back under cover of night. The Greeks entered and destroyed the city of Troy, decisively ending the war.

http://friend7of7god.tripod.com/pharaohChrist.htm
Pharisees – priests of God knowledgeable in the resurrection of the dead, angels:
Pharisees perhaps real meaning is – Pharaoh-seers (pharaoh = palace/temple, seers = prophets) – knowledgeable in the religion of the Pharaohs. Paul proclaims Christianity is a Pharisees religion – Acts 23:6.

http://www.thematrixhasyou.org/13th-amendment/13th-amendment-secret-oath.html

BAR stands for British Accreditation Registry
The British Legal System Of Mixed Common And Roman Law Has Been Used To Enslave The USA!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_forms_of_government#Forms_of_government

The dialectical forms of government

Main article: Plato’s five regimes
The Classical Greek philosopher Plato discusses five types of regimes. They are aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy and tyranny. Plato also assigns a man to each of these regimes to illustrate what they stand for. The tyrannical man would represent tyranny for example. These five regimes progressively degenerate starting with aristocracy at the top and tyranny at the bottom.
In Republic, while Plato spends much time having Socrates narrate a conversation about the city he founds with Glaucon and Adeimantus "in speech", the discussion eventually turns to considering four regimes that exist in reality and tend to degrade successively into each other: timocracy, oligarchy (also called plutocracy), democracy and tyranny (also called despotism).

 

WATCH

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_committee300_12.htm
The Secret Rulers of The World
The source of most if not all our woes, revealed (from the present to the past): Connecting the dots through ~3000 years of revisionist human history, spanning from the time of the pharaohs, all the way up to the present dynasties creating the New World Order, in a quest to perfect the enslavement of mankind.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Yz15gr_L7s

5. The Secret Rulers of the World – Vatican Hoarding (5of29)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9b2-7QWx-44

Jordan Maxwell Real America 1 of 2

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uDMk16iBiA

Jordan Maxwell Real America 2 of 2

http://privatis.me/images/audio/2013.12.12.privatis.me.51.Claim.Divine.Proportion.Details.mp3

Claim Your Divine Proportion
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-LA-S64QY3o

Russell Means: Welcome To The Reservation

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JKG59NUdn8A&list=FLUDSpde0WW6_gZaK7_ckKiQ&index=199

REVEALED: The Secret of Christianity

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=68LE-0yC2u4&list=FLUDSpde0WW6_gZaK7_ckKiQ&index=211

Recovering American Must See Video

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/llac_browse.html

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates

 

Annals of Congress:  List of Page Headings

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greecevsrome/ss/GreecevsRome_7.htm

http://www.thematrixhasyou.org/13th-amendment/13th-amendment-secret-oath.html

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_committee300_12.htm

http://www.constitutionalcannabis.com/legalize–legal-lies.html

*Edited by Sheree Krider